If you are in your adolescent years, chances are pretty good that you’re experiencing skin breakouts or pimples. According to statistics, almost 8 out of 10 teenagers have pimples or acne along with numerous adults. Having pimples is so common when you’re a teenager that it has become a normal part of puberty. Although it’s normal when one is a teenager, it doesn’t make an individual feel better when he or she sees that big zit when looking at the mirror.
Causes of Pimples
Acne is a general term for pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, pimples or cysts and is a condition of the skin that appears in different parts of the face. Pimples are the most common type of skin condition on the face that are reddish bumps caused by hormonal changes that accompany the puberty stage. One thing that causes pimples is genes; meaning, if your parents had them when they were young, you will most likely get them too. The type of acne most teens get is called acne vulgaris – vulgaris which means “of the common type.” This type of acne usually shows on the neck, face, back, chest and shoulders.
The pores in your skin contain oil glands or sebaceous glands that make sebum. Sebum is an oil that lubricates your skin and hair. Sebaceous glands make the right amount of sebum but hormones during the teenage years may cause these glands to be overactive, thus creating more sebum than usual. The pores in your skin become clogged if there are too many dead skin cells and sebum. Bacteria can multiply in your pores when they are trapped, causing redness and swelling – the beginning of a pimple. Sometimes, pimples are filled with pus and this is your body’s reaction to the bacterial infection.
Some people notice that their skin breakouts are more severe when they eat too much oily foods. If you are one of them, try cutting back on that type of food and see what happens. Others notice that when they are too stressed out with school or other problems, more pimples appear on their face. This is because stress increases sebum production. Another cause is staying under the sun for too long, since this can cause more oils to produce, thus worsening skin breakouts.
Pimples and other signs of acne most often begin appearing at age 13 for boys and 11 for girls. Studies have shown that women are more prone to getting pimples or see them worsen the week before they have their periods. This is caused by hormonal changes during this time. There is no scientific evidence that hair and oily skin can cause pimples to grow on certain parts of your face, but if you notice more pimples under your bangs (if you have) then it would be a good idea to change hair styles.
Getting Rid of Pimples
If you see blemishes starting to appear on your face, then the best thing to do is to use some home treatment. Two things that can help you with that can be taken from your fridge: cucumbers and papaya. Creating a face mask with these two ingredients can control the development of pimples and unclog your pores. Cucumbers cool the skin and applying cucumber juice or paste and leaving it on your face for 15 to 20 minutes can make you feel refreshed. Rinsing your face with lukewarm water and followed with cold water afterwards can help heal pimple scars and soothe inflammation. Raw papaya juice can make a good face pack or you can choose to add a drop of honey on the scar and leave it for a few hours to make your skin glow.
Avoid touching your face too much since your hands have lots of bacteria, dirt and germs and this can transfer to your face and cause pimples to appear. Always remember to wash your hands before touching your face and cleanse your face using facial wash or mild soap. Instead of wiping your face with a towel profusely, just pat your face dry; rubbing can irritate your blemishes. Wash your face three to four times a day and constantly change your pillowcases, cloths and towels to keep germs and bacteria from transferring to your body.
To reduce the pimple’s swelling, keep an ice cube over the blemish for a few minutes then put toothpaste on the pimple after patting it dry. Leave the toothpaste overnight. When you wake up in the morning, you will notice that the blemish has dried up and become less noticeable. Girls should be more careful when using makeup since this can clog pores and make pimples swell and multiply.
Drinking plenty of fruit juices and water together with having a well-balanced diet is a healthy way to get rid of pimples. Fruits and vegetables plus water can hydrate your skin, making it smoother in appearance. In addition to that, your pores get cleansed the natural way. Eight to ten glasses is the ideal number you should consume every single day to protect your from pimples and acne and to maintain your skin’s healthy glow. Water helps remove excess sodium and toxins and cleanses the body as well as your skin.
Using lemon juice as an astringent can reduce acne because it acts as a natural cleanser. Lemon contains citric acid and mixing freshly squeezed lemon juice to water can do the trick as fast as overnight. Lemon juice can be applied directly on the pimple with a cotton ball and you can do this on your scars as this can lighten its dark appearance. Combining lemon juice with equal quantity of rose water can result to a glowing and blemish free face that is bereft of scars. Simply apply this solution on your face and wash it with warm water after half an hour or so.
There is a rainbow after the rain, though. For most people, pimples and acne go away as soon as they are out of their teenage years. If problems with blemishes persist in early adulthood, it would be best to consult a dermatologist.