Bruises are skin infections caused by some injuries or burns on the skin. If not treated immediately after injury occurs, the bruises may turn into a life time scar. Before getting to know how to get rid of them, it is important to understand the forms of bruises first and how each can be treated.
There are three common forms of bruises which are; subcutaneous bruises which are bruises underneath the skin, intramuscular bruises which are bruises on the fundamental muscle and periosteal bruises which are on the bone. Of the three, subcutaneous bruises can be treated at home while the other two require medical attention and should not be left unattended.
Home remedies for bruises
These home remedies are effective for treating subcutaneous bruises which occur on the shallow layers of the skin.
1. Applying ice
This is the first and immediate action that should be taken after getting a bruise. The ice helps in reducing flow of blood from the skin and reducing the swelling as well as stopping the bruise from spreading further. The ice should be applied while wrapped in a towel or in a plastic bag and pressed on the bruise for only a few minutes now and then as over-chilling the skin surrounding the bruise can lead to frostbite.
2. Taking daily diet containing vitamins C and K
Vitamin C is very important in collagen formation and protecting capillary wall. If one bruises easily compared to others, it is an indication of vitamin C deficiency. Foods rich in vitamin C include green vegetables, bell peppers, citrus fruits, kiwis, broccoli, berries, tomatoes, papayas and peas. Taking foods rich in vitamin C is much safer than taking the supplements.
Vitamin K cream helps in breaking down and preventing formation of blood clots, getting rid of swelling and dark puffy circles under the eyes. It also accelerates healing of deep and shallow tissue bruising. Also other than applying the cream you can also take foods rich in vitamin K which include green leafy vegetables, poultry products, dairy and egg products.
Arnica is popular among the athletes as well as among the fashion crowd. This is because apart from being known to treat bruises, it is also used as a pain reliever for sprains, aches and even arthritis. Arnica is rich in swelling reductions and anti-inflammatory properties. It can be available in form of creams, pellets, massage oil and topical gels. It should applied at least three or four times a day for better results. However, actual herb of arnica is poisonous therefore it is for external use only and should not be swallowed.
4. Vinegar with warm water
Vinegar promotes speedy recovery by aiding in breaking blood clots on the bruised area and increasing blood flow. It should be mixed with warm water then applied on the area.
5. Essential oils
The essential oils include lavender, cypress, rosemary/fennelmyrrh, geranium, frankincense and lemon grass each a few drops mixed together then massaged on the bruised area. They are beneficial in two ways. First massaging helps in breaking down the blood clots hence improving blood circulation. Secondly the chemical components in the essential oils that penetrate the skin contain soothing and healing properties. The oils help in pain reduction, swelling reduction, strengthening the capillary walls and discoloration removal. Apply often for best results.
Among the most traditional home remedies, onion is a great medicine for treating bruises because it contains a pain relieving agent called analgesic and other anti-inflammatory properties. It can be applied directly on the bruise by first cutting raw onion into slices and rubbing it on the bruise then leave it for about thirty minutes before rinsing it off. Another alternative for applying onion is cutting it into small pieces, mix the pieces with two tablespoon of salt in a small bowl then grind the mixture. Apply the mixture on the bruise wrapping it gently with a cotton cloth then leave it overnight.
7. Parsley leaves
Parsley leaves gives vibrant tastes on dishes but what people do not know is that it also has healing properties. They contain vitamin A and C components which help in reducing inflammations, strengthening capillaries and reducing pain. To heal the bruises, instead of taking it with food you only need to cruse the leaves and apply it directly on the bruised area and they will be absorbed by the skin.
Pineapples contain a natural component known as brome lain which helps in reducing the ailments such as irritation and swelling on the bruised area. It also helps in breaking down the blood components around the bruised area and preventing further formation of blood clots. It also aids in breaking down enzymes that helps release fluids which captures in the veins and tissues therefore allowing easy production of new tissues that cover the affected areas.
Blueberries contain both vitamin C and flavonoids which help in collagen formation and improving circulation of blood, strengthening capillary wall and promoting rejuvenation of the skin therefore quickly healing the bruises. Blueberries can be taken together with food. They are also rich in vitamin E and vitamin K nutrients.
Cabbage is a wonderful healing food. It contains potassium which supports in regulating blood pressure and vitamin C and vitamin K which are both important in production of blood clotting protein. Cabbage can be applied directly on the bruise by immersing edges of the cabbage into hot water and placing it on the bruise.
Guidelines to promote fast healing.
1. Elevating the bruised area
When the bruise is on the arm or leg, you can elevate by placing pillow underneath the bruised area for some time. This prevents blood from pooling on the affected area thus reducing discoloration and swelling. Bruises on the face which cannot be elevated can be treated with ice instead for the same results.
Massaging improves the lymphatic process. As mentioned earlier it helps in breaking down the blood clots therefore enabling easy circulation of blood around the bruised area. Massage with caution as massaging the center of the bruise can cause extreme pain.
3. Sun exposure
Ultraviolet rays of the sun aids in breaking down bilirubin making it fade away faster. Bilirubin is the substance that causes the yellowish coloration of the bruise. Therefore one should expose the bruise to the direct sunlight for at least ten to fifteen minutes a day.
Indeed, you do not have to worry much when you get bruised while home if you have any of these substances.